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The Palestinian-Israeli Conflict

A look into the historical context of the global issue through historical documents, important terms, interactive maps and more.
A+graphic+containing+a+globe+reads+The+Palestinian-Israeli+Conflict%2C+An+overview+of+the+historical+context+to+introduce+the+article.
media by Sanaa Sow
A graphic containing a globe reads “The Palestinian-Israeli Conflict, An overview of the historical context” to introduce the article.

Oct. 7. caught the attention of many Americans and audiences around the world. As mentioned by the Congressional Research Service, Hamas led a surprise attack against Israel, heightening already prominent tension between both Palestinians and Israelis.   

With this in mind, the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict did not commence Oct. 7. According to sources such as ABC News, the United Nations and the United States Department of State, tension first arose in 1947 due to the British mandate. 

As stated by the United Nations, Palestine, which used to be a part of the Ottoman Territories, was placed under the control of the British in 1921. Thus, due to the Balfour Declaration–a letter addressed to the “leader of the Anglo-Jewish community” Lord Rothschild–the British communicated that they believed Palestine should be a home for the Jewish people.  

Amidst tension and mass media, there are a lot of different facts and sources to look at when learning about global issues and conflicts. 

The Palestinian-Israeli Conflict: Resources
Historical Documents

Partition Plan of 1947 → (Resolution 181)

According to the United Nations, the plan behind the Partition Plan of 1947 was to separate Palestine into three states. There would be an Arab State, a Jewish State and the City of Jerusalem, under the control of the United Nations' administration, which is indicated in the image above. 

Additionally, as stated by numerous sources, the plan never went through, as both Palestinians and the surrounding Arab states did not like this plan and instead rejected it.

Balfour Declaration

As stated by the United Nations, Palestine, which used to be a part of the Ottoman Territories, was placed under the control of the British in 1921. Therefore, due to the Balfour Declaration, a letter addressed to Lord Rothschild, “a leader of the Anglo-Jewish community,” the British communicated that they believed Palestine should be a home for the Jewish people.

According to Britannica, the Oslo Accords were a set of agreements between the Palestinian Liberation Organization and Israel to propose a "two-state solution." This means that the land would be separated for both the Palestinians and the Israelis.

DOP/ Oslo Accord

According to Britannica, the Oslo Accords were a set of agreements between the Palestinian Liberation Organization and Israel to propose a "two-state solution." This means that the land would be separated for both the Palestinians and the Israelis.

Furthermore, as mentioned by the U.S. State Department of State, the Oslo Accords allowed for the Palestinian Authority (PA) to be recognized as the governing power over Gaza and the West Bank. The accords and this recognition of power only lasted for five years.

Terms

Intifada: Many sources indicate that intifada means shake-off and or uprising. The first (1987-1993) and the second (2000-2005) intifadas indicate a time of a series of protests in opposition to Israeli occupation.   

Arab League: The Arab League was first created in 1945 and consisted of only six members. Presently, the league consists of 22 countries including Algeria, Jordan, Sudan, Tunisia and more.  

Gaza Strip and the West Bank: The home to over five million Palestinians, according to U.S. Department of State.

Hamas: According to the Council of Foreign Relations, Hamas is an “Islamist militant group” in both Gaza and the West Bank. Recently, both the United Nations and the European Union have labeled Hamas as a terrorist organization.  

IDF: The IDF stands for Israel Defense Forces, which makes up the Army, Navy and Air Force of the Israeli government. 

Jerusalem: Jerusalem is the capital of Israel. From a more historical standpoint, Jerusalem is known as a holy city for the religions of Judaism, Islam and Christianity. 

Ceasefire: A ceasefire is an agreement that suspends fighting. These agreements are normally used when peace is trying to be reached.

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